Framed by the issues identified in Sustainable Development Goal #16, which focuses on promoting peaceful, just and inclusive societies, Jason Hart explores the dynamics through which people get "left behind". Taking a political economy approach, he shows that exclusion typically occurs through the distribution and exercise of elite power. Drawing on a broad range of material, including academic research, investigative journalism and human rights reports, he reveals the interconnected causes of exclusion, which implicate governments, corporations, NGOs and civil society institutions.
The book explores the unequal power relations within societies and between countries and how they reproduce patterns of exclusion across the political, economic and social spheres. This includes discussion of violence and the arms trade, illicit financial flows, participatory development, the protection of children and forced migrations. The book also examines the ideologies of exclusion, such as political Zionism in Israel and the Hindutva ideology of Prime Minister Modi, which put sizeable minorities at risk of systematic discrimination, even expulsion. The book concludes by considering how the themes of the book can contribute to reshaping the moral economy of inclusion and exclusion.
Jason Hart is Senior Lecturer in International Development at the University of Bath. He has been a visiting professor at the Norwegian Centre for Child Research at the University of Trondheim, a visiting lecturer at the Centre for Children's Rights Studies at the University of Geneva and a research associate at the Refugee Studies Centre at the Univeristy of Oxford.